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Inventory the different types and classifications of clothing lining materials

The commonly used lining materials include polyester taffeta, nylon, flannel, various types of cotton and polyester cotton fabrics, etc. Thick materials include 170T, 190T, 21OT, 230T polyester taffeta, nylon taffeta, and rayon silk; Velvet fabrics include single-sided velvet, double-sided velvet, warp knitted velvet, etc., generally measured in grams, and common velvet lining materials have a weight of 120-260G/m2. We classify various types of pocket fabrics as lining materials, and the commonly used pocket fabric is T/C45 × 45/65 × 35/96 × 72, and 133 × 72 grade varieties.

Clothing lining

There are many types of clothing lining materials, and from different perspectives, their classification is different. According to organization, there are plain weave, twill weave, satin weave, variable weave, jacquard lining, etc; According to post-processing, there are dyeing, printing, embossing, waterproof coating, anti-static lining, etc. Currently, it is commonly used to classify clothing processing technology and raw material fibers.

1. Classified by clothing technology

Huoli: It is a combination method in which the lining and surface can be separated after processing, but the processing and production are more complicated, but the disassembly and washing are convenient, and there are more Huoli for certain fabrics that are not suitable for washing.

Dead inside: It is a combination method where the inside is sewn together and cannot be separated, with simple processing technology and convenient production.

Half mile: It is a lining for frequently rubbed parts, usually used in relatively simple clothing, such as summer lightweight clothing.

Full clip lining: Full clip refers to the method of fully lining the entire garment. Generally, winter and high-end clothing mostly use full clip lining.

2. Classification by raw material fibers

(1) Natural fiber: Made from cotton, linen, silk, and wool as raw materials, processed by machines to produce natural fibers. The commonly used natural fibers for lining are cotton and silk. Cotton fabrics: such as market cloth, coarse cloth, checkered cloth, etc. Silk: such as taffeta, floral soft satin, electric spinning, etc.

(2) Regenerated fibers: Raw materials obtained from wood and cotton short fibers are chemically processed to produce regenerated fibers. Regenerated fibers have advantages such as good breathability, good moisture absorption, resistance to static electricity, and comfortable wearing, but they also have disadvantages such as poor wear resistance, low strength, and susceptibility to deformation.

At present, the commonly used recycled fibers for lining include viscose fibers (usually referred to as rayon) and acetate fibers. Viscose and acetate fiber lining materials are cheap, such as beautiful silk, vinegar fiber silk, etc. They are smooth and easy to heat set, and are used for lining materials in mid to high end clothing. However, their shrinkage rate is high, and they are not suitable for clothing that needs to be washed frequently. When selecting, it is necessary to fully consider the pre shrinkage and cutting allowance of the lining material.

(3) Synthetic fiber: a polymer compound synthesized through chemical reactions and processing of simple organic compounds obtained from natural gas, petroleum, and coal ash, known as synthetic fiber. The most common lining materials currently used are synthetic fibers such as polyester and nylon.

Synthetic fibers generally have high strength, are sturdy and wear-resistant, smooth and straight, and have good wrinkle resistance. They have good dimensional stability, resistance to mold and decay, and are easy to wash and dry. They are mainly used as lining for down jackets, jackets, windbreakers, and raincoats. The shortcomings are poor water absorption, poor breathability, heat resistance, easy generation of static electricity, and poor wearing comfort. However, due to its low price, it is widely used in various types of mid to low-end clothing. There are mainly polyester taffeta, nylon silk, etc.

(4) Multiple fibers: Made from synthetic fibers, recycled fibers, and natural fibers, blended or interwoven with different fibers selected in the warp and weft directions. At present, various fibers commonly used for lining interweaving include polyester and cotton interweaving, cotton polyester and viscose interweaving, acetate and viscose interweaving, etc.

Blended and interwoven lining materials have the performance of multiple raw materials, which can concentrate the advantages of various fibers and overcome the shortcomings of various fibers. They are the fastest developing lining varieties in the international market in recent years. Cotton lining combines the advantages of natural fibers and chemical fibers: water absorption, sturdiness, moderate price, adaptability to various washing methods, commonly used in jackets; Cotton weft satin woven from artificial silk and cotton yarn, with a glossy surface, a hard and smooth texture, is often used as a lining for casual wear; The lining made of polyester vinegar fiber and viscose fiber blended is smooth and lightweight, called imitation silk lining, suitable for various clothing, but it should be noted that the edges of the tailors are easy to detach, and down yarn is also a type of viscose fiber, commonly used in suits, coats, and jackets.

(5) Fur and woolen fabrics: The biggest feature of this type of lining is excellent warmth retention, comfortable wearing, and is mostly used in winter and leather clothing. Various fur and woolen fabrics, etc.